March 8th marks the 100th anniversary of celebrating International Women’s Day. You probably realize that Sandra Day O’Connor was the first female Supreme Court Justice, Sally Ride was the initial female Astronaut and Hilary Clinton was the 1st female to win a Presidential Primary contest. But what were all the ladies doing before them in American history? Women couldn’t vote, own property or take a seat on a jury but they were accomplishing great achievements.
See if you realize some or any of these Female Firsts:
The first female American writer? In 1650, Anne Bradstreet’s book of poems, “The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America” was published in England.
The first female American artist? Henrietta Johnston began work as a portrait painter in Charleston, South Carolina in 1707. In 1896, Alice Guy Blache became the first female film director and would shoot a lot more than 300 movies.
The first female American publisher? In 1766, Mary Katherine Goddard took over as the publisher from the Providence Gazette and the first American female postmaster in 1775.
The first female to obtain a US patent? Mary Kies was granted her patent in 1809 for the technique of weaving straw with silk. In 1885, Sarah E. Goode became the very first African- American woman to get a patent on her behalf bed that folded up in to a cabinet.
The first female American Doctor? Elizabeth Blackwell received her MD through the Medical Institution of Geneva, NY in 1849. In 1864, Rebecca Lee Crumpler became the first African-American woman to receive her MD from your New England Female Medical College. In 1866, Lucy Hobbs became the very first female American Dentist.
The first female minister? Antoinette Blackwell was ordained a minister inside the Congregational denomination in 1853. In 1879, Mary Baker Eddy became the initial woman to found an important religion, Christian Science.
The first female lawyer? Arabella Mansfield was granted permission to train law in Iowa in 1869. Belva Lockwood became the first woman admitted to train prior to the US Supreme Court in 1879. In 1993, Janet Reno became the initial female US Attorney General.
The first female Presidential Candidate? Victoria Claflin Woodhull was nominated by the National Radical Reformers in 1872.
The first female American Mayor? In 1887, Susanna Medora Salter took over as the mayor of Argonia, Kansas. In 1991, Sharon Pratt Dixon will be sworn in as Mayor of Washington DC, the first African-American female mayor of the major US city.
The first female Director of the US Stock Exchange? In 1897, women couldn’t have their own own banks however the highest lender was run by Juanita Kreps. She later became the initial female Secretary of Commerce. In 1997, Madeline Albright was sworn in as US Secretary of State as well as the highest ranking woman inside the government. In 2005, Condoleeza Rice became the 1st African-American female Secretary of State.
For more on American history and other cool stuffs, check: 1920’s myth.